HB 1131 (Jones) and SB 762 (Barker), if adopted, would extend a state mandate to exempt utility-scale solar projects from local tax to 2030 (currently set to expire in 2024). HB 1131 will be heard in the House Finance Committee’s Subcommittee #2 on Monday February 3 at 8 a.m. in room 400-C of the Pocahontas building. SB 762 has been assigned to the Senate Finance and Appropriations Committee and will be heard sometime next week.
In 2016, the state mandated an 80 percent exemption from local Machinery and Tool Tax (M&T) for solar projects greater than 5 megawatts (MW) in energy capacity. Legislators, recognizing the impact this could have on local revenues and wary of providing the tax subsidy in perpetuity, set an expiration date for the exemption. Specifically, for projects greater than 20 MW the mandatory exemption expires for any project that has not begun construction by January 1, 2024. Four years in advance of the expiration, the utility-scale solar construction industry wants to extend this exemption an additional six years.
VACo supports returning the authority to counties to determine local tax incentives for utility-scale solar installations and opposes any expansion or extension of the state-mandated tax exemption on local property taxes for solar equipment. Successful legislation supported by VACo in 2018 returned this authority to Counties for projects 150 MW or larger in capacity in advance of the 2024 expiration date.
- Many Counties are concerned about the loss of valuable farm and forest land, critical to local economies. Solar facilities generating greater than 20 MW and less than 150 MW in generating capacity can occupy anywhere from several hundred acres to more than two square miles and are in effect largescale power plants with oversized footprints.
- HB 1131 and SB 762 extend a state-mandated exemption from local tax. This extension of a mandated subsidy from local revenues will result in significant loss of future revenues that would otherwise be utilized to fund state-mandated services such as education, public safety, and human services.