New research sheds light on the pretrial population, policies and practices involved in county jails. Counties own 87 percent of jails in the United States through which they provide supervision, detention and other correctional services to over 700,000 people to maintain public safety and reduce recidivism. Many counties are at a crossroads between judges’ decisions and increases in jail populations and costs. Meanwhile, the majority of the confined county jail population is both pretrial and low risk, according to research released today by the National Association of Counties (NACo).
County Jails at a Crossroads: An Examination of the Jail Population and Pretrial Release is a comprehensive analysis of pretrial populations and the policies impacting pretrial release in county jails, based on a 2015 NACo survey.