Anglo-Portuguese relations in Africa had been compromised by the British ultimatum of 1890, which had prevented Portugal from joining its colonies in Angola and Mozambique through the future Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe, which led to the Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of 1891 and an Anglo-German agreement of 1898 according to which Germany, if Portugal abandoned its African colonies, Germany`s Southwest Africa was able to expand northward and East Africa to the south, while Britain was able to expand its South-A. The Frikan territory to the east and control the Atlantic islands of Portugal.  The treaty`s misleading name was introduced by former Chancellor Otto von Bismarck, who wanted to attack his despised successor, Caprivi, to strike a deal that Bismarck himself had organized during his tenure. However, Bismarck`s nomenclature meant that Germany had exchanged an African empire for the tiny Helgoland (“pants for a button”).  This was zealously taken up by imperialists who complained of “treason” against German interests. Carl Peters and Alfred Hugenberg launched a call for the creation of the German Association, which took place in 1891.  The Helgoland-Zanzibar Treaty (also known as the Anglo-German Agreement of 1890) was an agreement signed on 1 July 1890 between the German Empire and Great Britain. Britain has separated itself from a naval base covering rapprochement with the main German naval bases in the North Sea, but which would not be defensible when building its navy. He immediately declared a protectorate over Zanzibar and took full control of the sultanate in the Anglo-Zanzibar War of 1896. The Treaty of Windsor was a secret colonial declaration between the United Kingdom and Portugal in 1899. It is named after the former Treaty of Windsor (1386), signed on 14 October 1899 in London by British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury and Portuguese Ambassador Soveral. Sign up here to access free tools such as favorites and notifications or to access personal subscriptions You can be logged in at the same time by either of the methods listed below. Access to the contents of social magazines varies according to the title.
The 1899 declaration confirmed earlier treaties between the two countries, including those of 1642 and 1661. Britain agreed to defend the Portuguese colonies from their “future and present” enemies. Portugal has declared itself ready not to declare official neutrality during the next SECOND UN war and to prevent the movement of arms and troops to Transvaal by Lourenço Marques and Mozambique.  If you have access to a journal through a company or association, see the following instructions If you have access to magazine content through a university, library or employer, log in to some social magazines here to create a personal profile, then activate your social account Contact us if you have any difficulties, To register. The agreement gave Germany control of the Caprivi Strip (a country that allowed South-West German-Southwest Africa access to the Zambezi), the island of Helgoland, strategically located in the North Sea, and central East Africa of Germany (Tanganjika). In exchange, Germany recognized British authority in Zanzibar. Helgoland was needed to control the new North Baltic Canal and approaches to German ports to the North Sea. Britain used Nun Zanzibar as a key link in British control of East Africa.
 Germany obtained the islands of Helgoland (German: Helgoland) in the North Sea, originally the Danish part Holstein-Gottorp, but since 1814 British ownership, the so-called Caprivi strip in present-day Namibia, and carte blanche to control and acquire the coast of Dar es Salaam, which is the nucleus of German East Africa (later Tanganjika, B. the continental component of Tanzania).  If you have access to a journal through an association or association, please go to your social magazine, select an article you want to view and follow the instructions in this box. . . .